Kilauea Eruption Prompts US Senate Action On Volcano Monitoring

На Гавайях зафиксировано взрывное извержение вулкана Килауэа

На Гавайях зафиксировано взрывное извержение вулкана Килауэа

Because Kilauea is one of the best-monitored volcanoes in the world, scientists hope that data on the event will help them to better predict when similar volcanoes are about to erupt. It's one of five volcanoes on Hawaii's Big Island, and the only one now erupting. "It's a real dynamic situation up there", she said of the summit.

"I'm not too anxious about it because I've lived here so long and I've seen it go through lots of different episodes", Hughes said. He told CBS4's Kelly Werthmann via FaceTime he left from the Colorado Springs airport Tuesday afternoon.

Hawaii officials have had a busy month pleading with travelers to keep their plans even as dramatic images of natural disasters afflicting the islands have bombarded televisions and social media feeds. "An eruption in 1924 killed one person and sent rocks, ash and dust into the air for 17 days".

Hoyt is managing one of three Red Cross shelters on the island.

Kilauea's falling lava lake has likely descended to a level at or below the water table, allowing water to run on to the top of its lava column and create steam-driven blasts, they said.

"Like back home in Colorado when there's a wildfire, there's always people who are wondering what's happening to their house", he said. The Hawaiian Volcano Observatory located on Hawai'i Island was the first volcano observatory in the United States and has been monitoring volcanoes, including the two most active, Kīlauea and Mauna Loa, for more than a century. Hawaii's state volcanologist, Bruce Houghton, says that the current event appears to be a type of complex eruption that occurs only once every 50 to 80 years.

"Just a little while ago we had something that sounded like thunder", Hoyt said.

Thursday's eruption, which occurred before dawn, produced an impressive ash plume, but otherwise caused minimal damage to surrounding areas. This could cause breathing problems for residents, and there is a risk of elevated levels of volcanic gas.

N95 masks do not protect against gases and vapors, the county said. "We also have masks if needed and have a safe place for people to be". The eruption has destroyed 37 homes and other structures in a small southeast area of the island and forced around 2,000 people to evacuate their homes.

So far, 21 fissures have opened up in Puna, oozing lava rivers into the Leilani Estates. "We as the scientific community feel we owe it to the people being impacted to get it right and learn as much as we can", he says.

Fissure No. 17 northeast of Lanipuna Gardens was active but with less lava being added to the flow, said Steve Brantley, deputy scientist-in-charge at Hawaii Volcano Observatory.

Hawaii's Kilauea volcano erupted from its summit early Thursday, shooting a huge plume of ash miles into the sky and prompting authorities to urge area residents to take cover. At the same time, tourism is the island's biggest industry and people's livelihoods are dependent on visitors coming, he said.

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