Kim Jong Un and Donald Trump in Singapore for historic summit

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Trump arrived in Singapore calling the summit a "one-time shot" for Kim, who is being urged to abandon his weapons program and normalize relations with the rest of the world in exchange for unspecified "protections" from the U.S. North Korea has long anxious about an American invasion and justifies its nuclear buildup as a way to defend itself.

Chairman Kim thanked Singapore's organisation of the summit as if it was "their own family affair".

People try to get a peek of the vehicle carrying North Korean leader Kim Jong-un on Saturday in Singapore ahead of the summit between the North Korean leader and Trump.

One top Trump adviser cast the move as a show of strength before the Kim meeting.

North Korea news agency KCNA commented on Tuesday's agenda, saying talks would focus on "the issue of building a permanent and durable peace-keeping mechanism on the Korean peninsula, the issue of realising the denuclearisation of the Korean peninsula and other issues of mutual concern".

The US leader has whipsawed on expectations for the meeting, signalling that it could be the beginning of a "process" of several meetings, only to call it a "one-time shot" for peace as he embarked for Singapore.

Kim only started meeting with foreign leaders in recent months, slowly shedding a reputation as the reclusive ruler of the so-called Hermit Kingdom after summits with the Chinese and South Korean presidents.

North Korea's Kim landed Singapore's Changi Airport earlier on Sunday, in his longest trip overseas as head of state.

The top United States and North Korean negotiators had earlier emerged from a last-ditch meeting at the Ritz Carlton with pursed lips, and no sign of whether an attempt to narrow the gap between USA and North Korean expectations of what denuclearisation should look like, had worked.

Even after touching down in Singapore, it was clear that the trade disputes with U.S. allies in Quebec continued to rankle Trump.

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The United States and North Korea have been in a technical state of war for decades after the eruption of the 1950-1953 Korean War, which pitted U.S. -led U.N. troops backing Seoul against Pyongyang's forces that were aided by China.

In a post on Twitter during his flight, Trump reiterated his optimism that the summit with the North Korean leader will be a success.

Trump traveled to Singapore from Canada, where he a meeting with other world leaders.

White House press secretary Sarah Huckabee Sanders said Sung Kim, the U.S. ambassador to the Philippines who has taken the lead on policy negotiations with the North, will hold a "working group" with a North Korean delegation.

"Trump is a publicity seeker".

It's unclear what Trump and Kim might decide Tuesday.

Trump was pictured with the cake, delivered three days before his actual birthday.

But many, if not all analysts, say that this is highly unlikely, given how hard it has been for Kim to build his program and that the weapons are seen as the only protection he has.

Perhaps he'll offer to withdraw the 28,000 American troops stationed in South Korea, Haenle said, or to pull back the so-called nuclear umbrella of protection Washington offers allies South Korea and Japan.

Any nuclear deal will hinge on the North's willingness to allow unfettered outside inspections of the country's warheads and nuclear fuel, much of which is likely kept in a vast complex of underground facilities. While hostilities ended with an armistice in 1953, no peace treaty has been signed yet.

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