Global Emissions Gap Widens Despite Climate Efforts — UN

UN warns that world is falling behind Paris climate goals

UN warns that world is falling behind Paris climate goals

After three years of Stagnation, the emissions of the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide have reached a new record of 53.5 gigatons, - stated in the published ninth Emission Gap Report, Unep introduced a few days before the United Nations climate change conference in Katowice.

This followed three years of carbon pollution from energy and industry being relatively flat, which prompted hopes emissions were peaking.

What this instills is that, governments and countries will have to triple their effort to keep the warming under 2C.

Germany, for example, has resisted higher targets for emissions cuts on cars, and Poland - the host of next week's global summit - is defensive about its massive reliance on coal-fired power stations.

The European Union on Wednesday unveiled a long-term vision for combating climate change under which the bloc wants to be the world's first major economy to aim for net-zero emissions by 2050.

What's worse, the report notes that there is no sign of reversal of this trend and that only 57 countries (representing 60 per cent of global emissions) are on track to bridge their "emissions gap" - meaning the gap between where we are likely to be and where we need to be.

"The kind of drastic, large-scale action we urgently need has yet to been seen", said UNEP.

A new study finds that the 79-nation African, Caribbean, and Pacific (ACP) Group of States can boost climate action with technical and financial support amounting to a minimum of Dollars 2,317 billion.

The bloc now is set to reduce emissions by 45 percent by 2030 and 60 percent by 2050. The main outcome was that there is still a large gap from taking the actions needed to achieve the targets indicated in the Paris Agreement.

According to the United Nations report global greenhouse gas discharge could be between 13 billion and 15 billion tonnes exceeding the level required to sustain global warming within 2 degree C this century.

Knowing that level of action is extremely unlikely, the 2018 Emissions Gap Report points to the growing potential of "non-state actors" to help reach global emissions goals.

The UN Environment annual emissions gap report comes after a major study from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) warned of the need for "unprecedented" action to slash carbon emissions by almost half by 2030 to curb temperature rises to 1.5C (2.7F) and to zero by 2050.

'The science is clear; for all the ambitious climate action we've seen - governments need to move faster and with greater urgency. 'But that does not mean that to reduce emissions, we should sacrifice the livelihoods of Europeans.

The study suggests that nations around the world will fall woefully short of targets set out in the 2015 Paris Climate agreement.

"Greenhouse gas emissions need to be cut by 25 per cent by 2030 to put the planet on a path towards limiting global warming to two degrees, " the report said.

In June 2017, President Trump announced his intention for the United States, the second largest producer of greenhouse gases in the world, to withdraw from the agreement. This would be enough to close the 2C gap.

The report also highlights the potential of businesses, regions and cities to deliver needed emissions cuts, financial reforms such as putting a price on carbon and speeding up technological innovation.

The report urges countries to take more ambitious action.

Jian Liu, Chief scientist, UN Environment, said, "When governments embrace fiscal policy measures to subsidize low-carbon alternatives and tax fossil fuels, they can stimulate the right investments in the energy sector and significantly reduce carbon emissions".

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